Below this AP article I wrote a few thoughts I had on this amazing bit of “well that makes sense!” information. This discovery is quite possibly one of the most potentially important pieces of information available to Humanity. Especially since this may mean that most if not all planets may at one point reside in the habitable zone.
ONOLULU — Astronomers have captured the first direct image of a planet being born.
Adam Kraus, of the University of Hawaii’s Institute for Astronomy, said the planet is being formed out of dust and gas circling a 2-milion-year-old star about 450 light years from Earth.
The planet itself, based on scientific models of how planets form, is estimated to have started taking shape about 50,000 to 100,000 years ago.
Called LkCa 15 b, it’s the youngest planet ever observed. The previous record holder was about five times older.
Kraus and his colleague, Michael Ireland from Macquarie University and the Australian Astronomical Observatory, used Keck telescopes on Mauna Kea to find the planet. “We’re catching this object at the perfect time. We see this young star, it has a disc around it that planets are probably forming out of and we see something right in the middle of a gap in the disc,” Kraus said in a telephone interview.
Kraus presented the discovery Wednesday at NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center in Maryland.Kraus and Ireland’s research paper on the discovery is due to appear in The Astrophysical Journal. Observing planets while they’re forming can help scientists answer questions like whether planets form early in the life of a star or later, and whether they form relatively close to stars or farther away. Planets can change orbits after forming, so it’s difficult to answer such questions by studying older planets. “These very basic questions of when and where are best answered when you can actually see the planet forming, as the process is happening right now,” Kraus said. Other planets may also be forming around the same star.
Kraus said he’ll continue to observe the star and hopefully will see other planets if there are in fact more. Scientists hadn’t been able to see such young planets before because the bright light of the stars they’re orbiting outshines them.
Kraus and Ireland used two techniques to overcome this obstacle. One method, which is also used by other astronomers, was to change the shape of their mirror to remove light distortions created by the Earth’s atmosphere. The other, unique method they used was to put masks over most of the telescope mirror. The combination of these two techniques allowed the astronomers to obtain high-resolution images that let them see the faint planet next to the bright star.
The astronomers found the planet while surveying 150 young dusty stars. This led to a more concentrated study of a dozen stars. The star LkCa 15 – the planet is named after its star – was the team’s second target. They immediately knew they were seeing something new, so they gathered more data on the star a year later.
UPDATE: The mass would most likely consist of a field just perfect for formation into a planet under the theories and principles put forth by the Primer Fields. Since all mass is formed under the same principles, the attraction of the fields and the gasses present would set up the specific circumstances for their existence.
I’m assuming that like fields create like particles. And that like fields attract like fields.
So either the turbulent field w/mass intertwined,
or like matter attracts to like matter and turbulence would also help.
Primer Field Theory If I understand this part correctly, would state that the magnetic fields within the plasma environment would create turbulent fields that upon their formation create the mass, mass fields attract to each other. I’m also guessing that Iron is one of the first formed, and as the star creates these bits of matter, they too are each attracted to like materials.
I don’t know enough about metallurgy or any of these academic fields to any real degree, so it’s all guess work to me at this point, but I’d also suggest that these elements are made in order of their field/matter size. If Iron is first,…?
Planetary formation: Excess mass from the formation of a star, gathers together through gravitational attraction until all mass is absorbed, or the process is interrupted or halted. This said;
“Wouldn’t this also imply that a large potential of the orbital bodies have at some time in their “lifetime” ALL passed/or will pass through the “Habitable Zone” at some point?
At the very least, pass through SOME point where the planetary body was within range of where matter reacts the same as it does in our environment? (Ie: Water boils at 100C.)
The point. Does it seem “possible” that if so, the already vastly growing number of potentially “life supporting” planets might actually turn out to be simply a matter of time?
I know that the orbit of the moon is growing away from us, what about the planets in relation to the Sun?
It makes sense that planetary formation would occur closer to the star rather that at a great distance simply because of the gravitational forces that would be necessary to create the circumstances. (Ie. Two asteroids colliding together would make the mass of each either bigger/and or smaller, while the debris dramatically flies off every which way.)
Closer to the Sun however, there would be intense heat, materials in varied states of their matter, pressures great enough to forge alloys, , and gravitational forces in constant motion creating vortexes and/or focal points for these materials to come together in ways seemingly more likely to create something “planetary” there than if done so farther away.