There are new ideas of space, energy, and matter

Bose–Einstein condensate
Chill a gas to almost absolute zero and all particle movement ceases.
When this occurs, information is shown to behave according to the rules of Quantum  Mechanics. But no one knows why.

Einstein predicted in 1925 that this phenomenon would occur, but actually reaching the  conditions necessary to observe this in the lab has always been a challenge.

His  understanding was that a Bose–Einstein condensate, which is a state of matter of a dilute  gas of bosons cooled to temperatures very close to absolute zero (that is, very near 0 K or  -273.15 °C). Would create such conditions where a large fraction of the bosons would  occupy their lowest quantum state. at which point quantum effects would become apparent  on a macroscopic scale. These effects are called macroscopic quantum phenomena.

Mixing two Bose–Einstein condensates isn’t like blending ordinary gases — the condensates instead behave like  waves, interfering with one another so that two atoms combined together can result in no  atom at all.

When these gasses become Bose–Einstein condensate’s it’s because they’ve been  “forced” to show this characteristic. This phenomenon shows in experiments that all  particles hold this potential. Thereby proclaiming wave particle duality as fundamental

Satyendra Nath Bose first applied the quantum statistics of light quanta or photons,  expanded later by Einstein to include general matter. Taken further by experiments in  electromagnetism and metallurgy, we currently call this principle Superconductivity.

…”The International Space Station is a prime location to perform such experiments because of lack of interference from the pull of gravity.”  Nola Taylor Redd stated in his article on the International Space Station and NASA’s Cold Atom Lab.

When we are able to see concepts and observations prove out from a few angles like this, it  becomes clear that all matter, energy, and light are comprised the same way.

David LaPoint, the creator of the video series “The Primer Fields,” emphatically declares  this to be true as well. Although his theory is in direct opposition to the Standard Model, I feel that it explains much more that it leaves to question and supposition.

Following his concepts of energy to matter conversion, I propose the  following as a better understanding of particle physics as we currently understand them.

The reason this effect occurs is because at any other temperature other than absolute zero, the waveforms (particles) are able to move about their environment This movement acts as a natural insulator from this phenomenon for particles not normally forced into these parameters within our normal space.

Once they have been slowed to a point where there movements no longer cause interruptions, the magnetic fields of the waveforms are able to maintain cohesion.

In this state, current is allowed to travel throughout the entire piece of matter as if it were the energy of the matter itself. This effect is most observable in nature when conducting experiments in the electromagnetic spectrum.

The SM does not allow for these interactions without QM. I propose that all matter, energy, and light are created as concentrations of energy called Waveforms or particles.

That each particle is a stable, self sustaining structure of energy created by electromagnetic interactions in plasma in vacuum.

I could be wrong,

But what if I was right?

Bose–Einstein condensate – Wikipedia

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bose%E2%80%93Einstein_condensateedia

Scientists to Create Coldest Spot in Universe on Space Station

http://news.yahoo.com/scientists-create-coldest-spot-universe-space-station-video-170711710.html

The Primer Fields

The Eight Biggest Stories In Exponential Tech

 

  Written By: Jason Dorrier
Posted: 12/30/13 10:30 AM

2013 in Review: The Eight Biggest Stories In Exponential Tech

Google_Glass_2013 (1)

It’s been a fast-moving year, so before diving headlong into 2014, we thought we’d tap the brakes and revisit some of the year’s most notable stories in exponential technology. Keep in mind, this ain’t science, and the list is by no means all-inclusive. If you have a favorite topic we missed, forgive but don’t forget—tell us in the comments!

Google Robotics

In December, Google announced they’d acquired seven robotics companies over six months. Then they announced an electrifying eighth purchase—Boston Dynamics and their menagerie of mind-blowing bots. Added to Google’s ongoing artificial intelligence research, the potential for smart, capable robots seems greater than ever.

Boston_Dynamics_Humanoid_Robot_Petman

Bitcoin Mania

The virtual currency, Bitcoin, had a hyperactive year. In short: bubbles, busts, hackers, heists, speculators, regulators, pirates, and IPOs. Bitcoin evangelists believe it’s the beginning of a momentous shift from traditional centralized currencies to decentralized digital currencies. Skeptics think it’s a fascinating experiment, but ultimately untenable.

Bitcoin_Big_Year

A Computer for Your Face

For $1,500, tech geeks rocked Google’s touch- and voice-operated augmented reality Glass device—even as skeptics warned Glass would mark the end of privacy. Oculus took their Rift virtual reality headset from duct-taped ski goggles to $75 million venture darling. Gamers and developers say its the real deal. A consumer version is on the way.

SH-143_1-BIG

Driverless Cars

Self-driving headlines were previously dominated by Google, but 2013 brought the idea mainstream as heavy hitters including BMW, Nissan, Toyota, and Ford promised the tech from 2020 to 2025. Tesla beat all, pledging 90% automation in 2016. CEO, Elon Musk, said the last 10% is a more difficult problem and further away.

Musk_Tesla_Self-Driving

Technological Unemployment

Some economists suggested stubbornly elevated unemployment isn’t cyclical, it’s structural. The culprit? Advanced robots and automation are taking jobs from humans, and it’s only going to get worse. History tells us such arguments fail to predict all the new things humans will do instead—but a few experts insist this time is different.

Robots_Stealing_Jobs

Uncle Sam Wants Your Data

According to secret documents leaked by Edward Snowden some of the biggest names in tech had enabled the NSA to snoop on, well, just about everyone. The Snowden affair has changed the cost-benefit calculation of information exchange, somewhat tarnished trust in big tech companies, and heightened interest in information security.

encryption-nsa-amaze646

Drone Delivery

Drones for good? What a novel idea. Amazon grabbed headlines by promising door-to-door fulfillment of orders by drone. But the firm wasn’t the first to suggest drone delivery. Matternet proposed an automated, Internet-inspired drone network to deliver goods in cities or medicine to poor rural areas seasonally cut off by flooded road.

SH 91_#4 BIG

Buy Your Next 3D Printer…at Staples?

Staples announced it would offer the $1,300 3D Systems Cube desktop 3D printer, while other firms introduced cheap (or free) 3D scanners. Is 3D printing poised to go mainstream? Autodesk CEO Carl Bass cautioned against the hype but went on to say, “Just as rip-mix-burn became the anthem for digital music, we are starting to do the same thing for the physical world with capture-modify-print (or download-modify-print)…”

3D_Printing_Replicator http://singularityhub.com/2013/12/30/2013-in-review-the-eight-biggest-stories-in-exponential-tech/

 

A clue to duality

High energy physics researchers still rely on the concept that it is the nucleus of the photon that they must isolate in order to measure (observe) the particle.

The nucleus is only a “concentration” of “some” of the energy.
When this concentration becomes enough to be detected,  it has already  formed a stable structure complete with polarity and field lines.
The particle’s field lines are comprised of “the same” energy; only smaller… As is the nucleus.

If you are looking for the nucleus of a photon, you immediately run into a problem. Your assumption asserts that the photon’s existence is contained within it’s nucleus. It is not.
A piece of energy, or a particle is comprised of many smaller, individual, pieces of the same energy. The nucleus is only a concentration of the energy, and is only “part” of the atomic structure of the photon.

All interaction, with any part of this structure, will cause interference, if forced into a frame of reference. Since the photon is a “sum of it’s parts,” any attempt (accidental or otherwise) to reference just the nucleus will fail, and any point that is detected will reference the entire piece of energy as if it were in that location.

The Mission is Sedition

 

 

By: Richard L. Brown

 

October 2, 2013

 

 

 

Sedition is defined as an illegal action inciting resistance to lawful authority with the intent of causing the disruption of government. Considered a subversive act, it often includes subversion of a constitution and incitement of discontent (or resistance) to lawful authority. The intent to “overthrow the government” is not a required element of the charge.

 

 

In 1798 the United States stood on the brink of war with France. The Federalists believed that Democratic-Republican criticism of Federalist policies was disloyal and feared that aliens living in the United States would sympathize with the French during a war.

 

 

Directed against Democratic-Republicans, of the time, a series of bills were passed by the Federalist Congress in 1798 and signed into law by President Adams. The most controversial of the new laws was the Sedition Act. It permitted strong government control over individual actions, and was in essence, an act that prohibited public opposition to the government. Fines and imprisonment could be used against those who “write, print, utter, or publish . . . any false, scandalous and malicious writing” against the government.

 

 

When Democratic-Republicans in some states refused to enforce federal laws, such as the Whiskey tax, and threatened to rebel, Federalists threatened to send the army to force them to capitulate

 

 

SUBVERSIVE POLITICAL ACTION“A planned series of activities designed to accomplish political objectives by influencing, dominating, or displacing individuals or groups who are so placed as to affect the decisions and actions of a government.” Dictionary of Military and Associated Terms. US Department of Defense 2005.

 

 

 

Under the laws of the United States, to betray a sworn oath of office, may be considered “treason,” “sedition,” or a “high crime”

 

 

History also shows that these “suspensions” of civil liberty’s were soon afterward removed, as they were only required to be in place due to the distracting influence of the time. When we look at the wordings, what Speaker Boehner and his allies are doing, seems to fit into the definition of perfectly. If this is in fact true. Then the definitions should, and I believe will, mirror the actions and accusations being compared to, and against them.

 

That said…, if we now agree that their intent, and actions meet the definition proposed; “Sedition,”

 

  1. Then, we as citizens would be honor bound to discuss this amongst each other in an attempt to verify it’s validity.

  2. Argue it’s merits amongst each other in an attempt to reach a quorum,

  3. If the quorum is in agreement, present an accusation and demand that charges be proffered.

 

What about a Human Singularity?

I was just thinking about how the Human race could itself be on a course towards a “Singularity.”

I’ve made the comment many times before, that “we are at a time when changes in morals, values, and ethics are at an all time high for our species.”

At no other time in history, have we gone through so many different changes in sociological and psychological belief systems at one time.

Evolutionary change is apparent in our species as we attempt to adapt o the environment that is being created around us.

If we now look at things this way, isn’t it a bit more apparent how some of these might be related?

The world communicated for history very slowly. As such, neither did MVE’s. (When everyone lives in the same communities, raising the same kids, etc, values and traditions are handed down. These traditions and values will typically be reflected in the behaviors of the larger group. (or the species in Darwinian evolution)

Only when the larger group “needs” the change, (unless isolated) the individual desires will be suppressed and therefore largely unchanged. ( Edit/cont. – What is done in privacy against these …. )

If however, the group DOES need for the MVE systems to change,  they will.Let’s look at an example. When “population needs raise, so drops the age of marriage.

But I want to mention the Singularity connection.

In this, one might look at the numbers of changes within numbers of generations.

Ie: How many (and on what level) MVE changes have gone on within a society as a whole, and how many generations did it take for the change to occur. (Ie: The acceptance of homosexual behavior.)

If we take today

The only “assertion” David has really made.

…”But we must realize that the fields around an electron, as well as all around

other matter are actually two opposing bowl shaped electromagnetic fields.

Unless we properly understand this basic magnetic field structure,

we will never be able to properly understand the fundamental forces of matter

from the sub-atomic to the galactic.”   David LaPoint

The_Primer_Fields_Part_1.mpg_snapshot_04.15_[2013.07.21_22.14.52]

Baffling pulsar leaves astronomers in the dark

http://sci.esa.int/xmm-newton/51314-baffling-pulsar-leaves-astronomers-in-the-dark/

Baffling pulsar leaves astronomers in the dark

24 January 2013

New observations of a highly variable pulsar using ESA’s XMM-Newton are perplexing astronomers. Monitoring this pulsar simultaneously in X-rays and radio waves, astronomers have revealed that this source, whose radio emission is known to ‘switch on and off’ periodically, exhibits the same behaviour, but in reverse, when observed at X-ray wavelengths. It is the first time that a switching X-ray emission has been detected from a pulsar, and the properties of this emission are unexpectedly puzzling. As no current model is able to explain this switching behaviour, which occurs within only a few seconds, these observations have reopened the debate about the physical mechanisms powering the emission from pulsars.

Artist’s impression of a pulsar in radio-bright mode.
Credit: ESA/ATG medialab

Few classes of astronomical objects are as baffling as pulsars – which were discovered as flickering sources of radio waves and soon after interpreted as rapidly rotating and strongly magnetised neutron stars. Even though about 2000 pulsars have been found since the first was discovered in 1967, a detailed understanding of the mechanisms that power them still eludes astronomers.

There is a general agreement about the origin of the radio emission from pulsars: it is caused by highly energetic electrons, positrons and ions moving along the field lines of the pulsar’s magnetic field, and we see it pulsate because the rotation and magnetic axes are misaligned,” explains Wim Hermsen from SRON, the Netherlands Institute for Space Research in Utrecht, The Netherlands. “How exactly the particles are stripped off the neutron star’s surface and accelerated to such high energy, however, is still largely unclear,” he adds.

Hermsen led a new study based on observations of the pulsar known as PSR B0943+10, which were performed simultaneously in X-rays, with ESA’s XMM-Newton, and in radio waves. By probing the emission from the pulsar at different wavelengths, the study had been designed to discern which of various possible physical processes take place in the vicinity of the magnetic poles of pulsars. Instead of narrowing down the possible mechanisms suggested by theory, however, the results of Hermsen’s observing campaign challenge all existing models for pulsar emission, reopening the question of how these intriguing sources are powered.

Many pulsars have a rather erratic behaviour: in the space of a few seconds, their emission becomes weaker or even disappears for a while, just to go back to the previous level after some hours,” says Hermsen. “We do not know what causes such a switch, but the fact that the pulsar keeps memory of its previous state and goes back to it suggests that it must be something fundamental.

Recent studies indicate that the switch between what are usually referred to as ‘radio-bright’ and ‘radio-quiet’ states is correlated to the pulsar’s dynamics. As pulsars rotate, their spinning period slows down gradually, and in some cases the slow-down process has been observed to accelerate and slow down again, in conjunction with the pulsar switching between radio-bright and quiet states. The existence of correlated variations in both the rotation and emission suggest a connection between a pulsar’s immediate vicinity and, on a grander scale, its co-rotating magnetosphere, which may extend up to about 50 000 km for objects like PSR B0943+10. In order for the radio emission to vary so radically on the short timescales observed, the pulsar’s global environment must undergo a very rapid – and reversible – transformation.

Since the switch between a pulsar’s bright and quiet states links phenomena that occur on local and global scales, a thorough understanding of this process could clarify several aspects of pulsar physics. Unfortunately, we have not yet been able to explain it,” says Hermsen.

Artist’s impression of a pulsar in X-ray-bright/radio-quiet mode. Credit: ESA/ATG medialab

Hermsen and his colleagues planned to search for an analogous pattern at a different wavelength – in X-rays – to investigate what causes this switching behaviour. They chose as their subject PSR B0943+10, a pulsar that is well known for its switching behaviour at radio wavelengths and for its X-ray emission, which is brighter than might be expected for its age.

Young pulsars shine brightly in X-rays because the surface of the neutron star is still very hot. But PSR B0943+10 is five million years old, which is relatively old for a pulsar: the neutron star’s surface has cooled down by then,” explains Hermsen.

Astronomers know of only a handful of old pulsars that shine in X-rays and believe that this emission comes from the magnetic poles – the sites on the neutron star’s surface where the acceleration of charged particles is triggered. “We think that, from the polar caps, accelerated particles either move outwards to the magnetosphere, where they produce radio emission, or inwards, bombarding the polar caps and creating X-ray emitting hot-spots,” Hermsen adds.

There are two main models that describe these processes, depending on whether the electric and magnetic fields at play allow charged particles to escape freely from the neutron star’s surface. In both cases, it is believed that the emission of X-rays follows that of radio waves, but the emission that is observed in each scenario is characterised by different temporal and spectral characteristics. Monitoring the pulsar in X-rays and radio waves at the same time, the astronomers hoped to be able to discern between the two models.

Obtaining observing time on the requested telescopes turned out to be a rather lengthy procedure. “We needed very long observations, to be sure that we would record the pulsar switching back and forth between bright and quiet states several times,” says Hermsen, “So we asked for a total of 36 hours of observation with XMM-Newton. This is quite a lot of time, and it took us five years before our proposal was accepted.

The two states of pulsar PSR B0943+10 as observed with XMM-Newton and LOFAR. Credit: ESA/ATG medialab; ESA/XMM-Newton; ASTRON/LOFAR

The observations were performed in late 2011. The X-ray monitoring performed with XMM-Newton was accompanied by simultaneous observations at radio waves from the Giant Metrewave Radio Telescope (GMRT) in India and the recently inaugurated Low Frequency Array (LOFAR) in the Netherlands, which was used during its commissioning phase, while testing its science operations.

The X-ray emission of pulsar PSR B0943+10 beautifully mirrors the switches that are seen at radio wavelengths but, to our surprise, the correlation between these two emissions appears to be inverse: when the source is at its brightest in radio waves, it reaches its faintest in X-rays, and vice versa,” says Hermsen.

The XMM-Newton data also show that the source pulsates in X-rays only during the X-ray-bright phase – which corresponds to the quiet state at radio wavelengths. During this phase, the X-ray emission appears to be the sum of two components: a pulsating component consisting of thermal X-rays, which is seen to switch off during the X-ray-quiet phase, and a persistent one consisting of non-thermal X-rays. Neither of the leading models for pulsar emission predicts such behaviour.

The data collected during our monitoring campaign are truly challenging our understanding of pulsars, since no current model is able to explain them,” comments Hermsen. “In the second half of 2013, we plan to repeat the same study for another pulsar, PSR B1822-09, which exhibits similar radio emission properties, but is characterised by a different geometrical configuration. This will allow us to study these extreme objects under different viewing angles,” he adds.

In the meantime, these observations will keep theoretical astrophysicists busy investigating possible physical mechanisms that could cause the sudden and drastic changes to the pulsar’s entire magnetosphere and result in such a curious emission.

The unpredictable behaviour of this pulsar, revealed using the great sensitivity of the telescopes on board XMM-Newton, may require a radically new approach to study the fundamental processes that power these fascinating objects,” comments Norbert Schartel, XMM-Newton Project Scientist at ESA.

Notes for editors

The study presented here is based on X-ray observations of pulsar PSR B0943+10 performed with ESA’s XMM-Newton between 4 November and 4 December 2011. These observations consisted of six observations in the energy range between 0.2 and 10 keV, each lasting six hours. The X-ray data were gathered at the same time as observations at radio wavelengths performed with the Indian Giant Metrewave Radio Telescope (GMRT) at 320 MHz and the international Low Frequency Array (LOFAR) at 140 MHz.

The research was led by Wim Hermsen (SRON Netherlands Institute for Space Research and Astronomical Institute ‘Anton Pannekoek’, University of Amsterdam), Lucien Kuiper and Jelle de Plaa (SRON Netherlands Institute for Space Research), Jason Hessels and Joeri van Leeuwen (ASTRON and Astronomical Institute ‘Anton Pannekoek’, University of Amsterdam), Dipanjan Mitra and Rahul Basu (NCFRA-TIFR, Pune, India), Joanna Rankin (University of Vermont, Burlington, USA), Ben Stappers (University of Manchester, UK), and Geoffrey Wright (University of Sussex, UK). The Pulsar Working Group and the Builders Group from the LOFAR-telescope, which was at the time in the commissioning phase, supported the observations.

The European Space Agency’s X-ray Multi-Mirror Mission, XMM-Newton, was launched in December 1999. It is the biggest scientific satellite to have been built in Europe and uses over 170 wafer-thin cylindrical mirrors spread over three high throughput X-ray telescopes. Its mirrors are among the most powerful ever developed. XMM-Newton’s orbit takes it almost a third of the way to the Moon, allowing for long, uninterrupted views of celestial objects. The scientific community can apply for observing time on XMM-Newton on a competitive basis.

Related publications

W. Hermsen, et al., “Synchronous X-ray and Radio Mode Switches: a Rapid Global Transformation of the Pulsar Magnetosphere“, 2013, Science, 339, 6118, 436-439, DOI:10.1126/science.1230960

Contacts

Wim Hermsen
SRON Netherlands Institute for Space Research
Utrecht, The Netherlands
and Astronomical Institute ‘Anton Pannekoek’
University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Email: w.hermsen@sron.nl
Phone: +31-88-7775871; +31-614547929

Norbert Schartel
ESA XMM-Newton Project Scientist
Directorate of Science and Robotic Exploration
European Space Agency
Email: Norbert.Schartel@esa.int
Phone: +34-91-8131-184